Belarusian towns and villages

Towns and villages of Belarus

Belarusian towns and villages keep а large number of beautiful architectural and cultural monuments. There are old churches and cathedrals, castles, palaces and manor houses, town halls, chapels or other significant sights almost in every city or town in Belarus. They also exist in many villages. Historical heritage of Belarus is also kept in a huge number of museums of local lore, during the popular folk festivals and other events.

Travelling in Belarus, discovering more and more architectural and cultural monuments, can take a very long time. And there will always be something that you have not seen, there will always be interesting sights and attractions, which you have not discovered yet.

Belarusians are peaceful, hospitable people, but their country and quiet, calm way of life for centuries were shook by wars. It was reflected in a significant architectural appearance of the country. There are a lot of castles, fortresses, orthodox and catholic churches of defense type, which came to our time. There are fortified palaces and manor houses, resembling small fortresses. Also we can look for other defense buildings, for example, Kamenetz tower. Fortifications of the last centuries are located on the territory of Belarus, and some of them, such as the Stalin Line, represent a whole system of fortifications stretching across Belarus.

More than a thousand years ago, the ancestors of Belarusians converted to Christianity. This religion has left a deep imprint on the hearts of Belarusians, and still occupies an important place in their lives. For centuries, Orthodox, Catholics and Protestants worked peacefully side by side on this land. Christianity is reflected in the historical heritage of belarusians, belarusian towns and villages and their architecture. Hundreds of great old churches and cathedrals, dozens of monasteries can be found in Belarus. Churches and cathedrals have always occupied and occupy central places on the main squares of Belarusian towns and villages. All the forces of the local people were given on their construction.

Belarus is the country for active tourism. This is the country, where tourists are invited to enjoy rich cultural and historical heritage, to plunge into history, to feel the breath of centuries, to admire ancient or modern architectural monuments, to learn a lot of new and interesting things about the life and culture of Belarusians. Let’s begin this fascinating journey through the regions of Belarus...

Brest region of Belarus

Brest region is located in the south-west of Belarus. In the west it is bordered by Poland, in the south - by Ukraine. Center of the region, the city of Brest, is a kind of the western gate of the country. Most important transportation routes connecting Europe and Asia pass through the Brest region. Rivers of Brest region of Belarus belong to the basin of the Dnieper and the Vistula. Relief of the Brest region of Belarus is characterized as flat and lowland. On the territory of the Brest region of Belarus, there is a large part of one of the oldest reserves in Europe - the Bialowieza Forest. The residence of Belarusian Grandfather Frost is located on the territory of the Bialowieza Forest.

Unfortunately, the large part of the historical heritage of the Brest region of Belarus was destroyed or is in improper condition because of frequent wars, which passed through its territory. However, some of the most important sights and architectural cultural heritage managed to maintain or restored at the moment. Among these objects there are most important: Kamenets Tower, Palaces in Kossovo and Ruzhany, Church in Iškaldź, complex of objects in the Brest Fortress.

Tourism in the Brest region of Belarus is actively developing. Doors of many museums and manors are opened for travelers in Belarus. Many architectural and cultural sights are waiting for visitors and tourists.

Gomel region of Belarus

Gomel region is located in the south-east of Belarus, bordered by Russia and Ukraine. In general, in the Gomel region of Belarus lowland relief is dominated. Rivers of the region belong to the basin of the Dnieper. Gomel region of Belarus is the richest with natural resources. There are oil, potash and rock salts, brown coal, oil shale, peat, chalk, gypsum and more. As a result of the Chernobyl accident a large part of the Gomel region of Belarus was subjected to radioactive contamination, many villages were resettled. On particularly polluted areas Polesie State Radiation Ecological Reserve was created. This is the only reserve in the world of this type. Also in the Gomel region of Belarus there is the National Park "Pripyat" - the land of unspoiled nature of Woodland.

Historical and cultural heritage of the Gomel region of Belarus includes numerous monuments of history, art, archeology and architecture, as well as many other attractions. In the Gomel region of Belarus there is the town of Turov - center of the ancient principality of the same name and one of the most important cities of Kievan Rus. Gomel with its beautiful park, beautifully-flung over Sozh, and other attractions is also important for historical and cultural heritage.

For tourists and travelers in Gomel region there are many museums, including museums of local history and folklore. Many other attractions of the area are waiting for their visitors and tourists. Also, tourists and travelers in the Gomel region of Belarus can enjoy fishing in the mighty and full-flowing rivers of this land.

Grodno region of Belarus

Affluent Neman, stretching nearly a thousand kilometers in Belarus and Lithuania, is a witness to lots of historical events. History tells us about lives of people who lived on these banks, about plenty of bloody battles against foreign invaders and defense of their country. Constant struggle and frequent wars were reflected in monuments of material culture and art of the Grodno region of Belarus.

Architectural heritage, including urban planning, is great in the Grodno region. There are a lot of works of monumental architecture on the Neman’s banks, as in any other region of Belarus. Fortifications of Grodno, Lida, Navahrudak and Kreva with other Belarusian, Lithuanian and Ukrainian castles formed coherent defensive system of national importance during The Grand Duchy of Lithuania. Her role was huge in repelling attacks of crusaders. Castles of the Grodno region were strong points of defense up to victory of the Teutonic Order in the Battle of Grunwald in 1410.

A lot of cities, towns and villages of the Grodno region of Belarus kept architectural and planning formations of the past centuries in their central parts, as well as dozens of sights. Fortunately, most of them haven’t been touched by urban transformations of the last centuries. Slonim and Navahrudak, Kreva and Halshany, Zhirovichi and Dzyatlava are unique in appearance and attractive in historical and architectural ensembles, sights and landscapes. But some cities stand out by the complex, multi-faceted beauty which was born out of layers that were left by different eras and artistic styles. Grodno has the same beauty. Buildings of different times are located side by side in the streets and squares, and it doesn’t seem incompatible, but as an amazing unity and attractiveness.

In the Grodno region of Belarus, unique monuments of archaeology, architecture and culture were remained. They represent ancient history of the Belarusian state. Monuments and sights of the Grodno region occupy an important place in the cultural heritage of Belarus. The most famous of them: Boris and Gleb (Kalozha) Church, Main Catholic Church, the old and the new castles in Grodno, ruins of castle in Navahrudak, Mir Castle, the Church of defensive type in Murovanka and Synkovichi, monumental Catholic monasteries and churches in Grodno, Slonim, Gervyaty and other historic monuments and sights.

A lot of catholic churches were kept on Belarusian land to present days. They remained mostly in the Grodno region. Most of them are protected by the state as historical and cultural heritage. Thanks to the support of the state of the last decades, a lot of catholic churches of Belarus have been restored or reconstructed in the recent past; most catholic churches are used by Catholics in Belarus in our days. Belarusian catholic churches are interesting for tourists. Their rich internal and external decoration, a variety of forms, and, for the moment, very good condition can be a good incentive to go on a trip and visit catholic churches of Belarus. And going into any catholic church, you can feel calm, peaceful, spiritual atmosphere, think about God, pray and take a break from the bustle of life.

Huge cultural and historical heritage and hundreds of sights of the Grodno region attract a lot of tourists. There are a large number of places where you can go on a short journey, relax and enrich culturally.

Minsk city, Belarus

Minsk is the capital of Belarus, the administrative center of the Minsk region and the Minsk district, which are not part of, since it is an independent administrative-territorial unit with a special (capital) status. Minsk is the largest transport hub, political, economic, cultural and scientific center of Belarus. The headquarters of the Commonwealth of Independent States is located in Minsk. Minsk is the ninth largest city (without suburbs) in Europe. The city of Minsk is located near the geographical center of Belarus and stands on the banks of river Svislach. The building of Minsk is mostly young, as the city was badly damaged during the Great Patriotic War.

Nevertheless, the city retained some of the historical monuments and sights of significance to the city. Some buildings were restored according to the surviving drawings and photographs, for example, the building of the Minsk City Hall. Also the most important sights and architectural monuments of Minsk are: The Holy Spirit Cathedral; The Cathedral of the Blessed Virgin Mary; The Red Church, it is also the church of the Saints Simeon and Helena; Trinity Hill - is a favorite place for tourists; Ancient Peter and Paul Church; The Church of the Holy Trinity, it is also the church of St. Roch. In Minsk, there are also a lot of more modern architectural monuments and attractions such as the National Library, the Independence Avenue buildings, the Modern Sports Arenas and so on. For tourists and travelers in Minsk, there are many museums, theaters, parks, restaurants, shopping and entertainment centers, hotels and others.

Minsk region of Belarus

Minsk region is located in the central part of Belarus. This is the only region of the country that borders with all other regions of Belarus and has no borders with other countries. Center is the city of Minsk, the capital of Belarus. On the territory of Minsk region there are the most important transport corridors linking Western Europe with the East, Black Sea areas with the countries of the Baltic Sea, as well as all regions of Belarus together.

The relief of the Minsk region of Belarus is mixed: hills between the plains and lowlands. On the territory of the Minsk region of Belarus there is the highest point in the country - mountain Dzerzhinsk. Minsk region ranks the second place in Belarus by the number of water bodies. The region is a watershed between rivers of basins of the Black and Baltic Seas. On this territory of the Minsk region of Belarus there is the largest lake in Belarus - Narach.

Minsk region of Belarus has great resources for tourism development. Many cities and towns of this land have past, which is rich with historical events, have valuable historical, cultural and architectural heritage and a lot of attractions. All this helps on the development of towns and villages of the Minsk region of Belarus as a kind of centers of local and international tourism. Among the most important from the point of historical and cultural heritage of towns stand out: Nesvizh, Budsłaŭ, Zaslawye, Lahoysk.

Also in the Minsk region of Belarus there are other important tourist attractions, such as the memorial complex "Khatyn"; the open air museum "Stalin Line"; Village Museum "Strochitsy"; Ethnographic Complex "Dudutki"; sport centers and ski resorts in Raubichi, Silichi and Lahoysk. All these attractions are always ready to take travelers and offer them a range of services.

Mogilev region of Belarus

Mogilev region is located on the east of the country. Mogilev region of Belarus borders only with Russia. Relief of Mogilev region is predominantly flat. From north to south Mogilev regions of Belarus is crossed by the river Dnieper.

Many towns and villages of the Mogilev region of Belarus have rich and eventful history and have a large number of historical monuments, architectural values and attractions. All these historical and architectural monuments of the Mogilev region reflect the centuries-old history, culture, and struggle against the enemies for the independence of the land. Attractions of Mogilev region of Belarus are a kind of chronicle of people’s life that has been left by ancestors.

Development of regional and local tourism in the Mogilev region of Belarus will help to preserve and keep in good condition extant architectural and cultural monuments and attractions. There are more than two dozen museums, including museums of local history, for travelers and tourists in this area.

Vitebsk region of Belarus

Vitebsk region is located on the north of the country, in the middle flow of the Western Dvina and the upper flow of the Dnieper River. It borders with Lithuania, Latvia and Russia. Nature of Vitebsk region is characterized by its unusual beauty: there are a lot of lakes, hills, rivers and streams, forests and meadows constantly replace each other. Altogether, it gives a unique fascinating picture. By the number and area of lakes Vitebsk region ranks first place in Belarus, which is why it is often called the land of blue lakes.

Polatsk, one of the largest cities in the Vitebsk region, at the turn of the first and second millennia BC, was the largest city on the territory of modern Belarus and the capital of the strongest in these lands principality of the same name. Centuries-old history of the region is reflected in lots of survived monuments of history and culture, sights of the Vitebsk region, which contribute to the development of regional and local tourism.

Among extant landmarks and attractions that fit harmoniously into the picturesque landscapes of this land commonly known Sophia Cathedral and Saviour Efrasinieusky convent in Polatsk Trinity Church in Vidzy; Church of St. Anne in the village Mosar; Nativity of the Virgin Mary and Holy Trinity Church in the Hlybokaye; catholic church in Pastavy; catholic and orthodox churches and town hall of Vitebsk.

Many localities Vitebsk region of Belarus have rich history with interesting events, some of them have retained their unique historical and cultural heritage and a wealth of attractions, allowing them to develop as centers of tourism, including international. First of all it is Polatsk - one of the oldest cities of the Eastern Slavs and the oldest city in Belarus. Also the oldest settlements of the Vitebsk region are: Vitebsk, Braslaw, Orsha, Drutsk, Lukoml, et al. Near the ancient Polatsk there is Navapolack - one of the youngest cities in Belarus, which is located in the world famous manufacturing enterprise "Naftan".

International song contest "Slavic Bazaar" is annually held in Vitebsk. It attracts a lot of tourists from all over the world. The city itself has a unique charm. Picturesquely situated on the Dvina, it stands before us in a unique, but very harmonious interweaving of different architectural styles from various eras.