The fifth fort of the Brest Fortress is a unique historical defensive structure. The fifth fort of the Brest Fortress was built in the 1880s and was finally completed in 1888. Later, in the period from 1908 to 1914, a significant reconstruction of the fifth fort of the Brest Fortress was carried out. The fort was one of the defensive objects of the Brest Fortress of the second line. The fifth fort is located four kilometers south of the main complex of defensive structures of the Brest Fortress on one of the outskirts of the modern city of Brest.

Fifth fort of Brest fortress

The fort has a pentagonal shape, surrounded by an earthen rampart and surrounded by a moat filled with water. It consists of a barracks for a garrison, numbering eleven casemates, a caponier for six guns (ie, a fortification structure capable of firing in two opposite directions), side semi-caponiers and a rear (cape-military) caponier. All the structures of the fifth fort of the Brest Fortress are connected by underground corridors, which in this case are called rubbish.

Fifth fort of Brest fortress

Despite its designation, the fifth fort of the Brest Fortress did not take any significant part in the numerous military operations that took place in its environs in the first half of the 20th century. During this time, the fifth fort repeatedly passed without a fight from one opposing side to the other. And every time, every new owner, he was used simply as an ammunition depot. The fact is that by the beginning of the 20th century the strategy of war had changed significantly. Now that the advancing side was moving along the entire width of the front, the garrison of the fort organizedly retreated along with its army taking all ammunition and equipment with them. Otherwise, the garrison of the fort simply risked being in the deep rear of the enemy in a hopeless situation and without the possibility of exerting any influence on the course of military operations.

Fifth fort of Brest fortress

After the Second World War, in the fifth fort of the Brest Fortress, military depots were also located for some time. Then the structures of the fort were abandoned and empty. In the second half of the 1990s, the fort facilities were restored, which were put in order. Today, in the fifth fort of the Brest Fortress, there is a museum of fortification and armament history, which is called the "5th Fort". This museum is a branch of the memorial complex "Brest Fortress - Hero", but does not enter directly into this memorial complex. On the territory of the fifth fort of the Brest Fortress there is an exhibition of military equipment from the times of the Second World War. One of the most remarkable features of this museum is that here, for inspection, absolutely all the corners of all fort facilities are open, which are obviously in a neat and tidy state. Between all facilities of the fort, visitors are allowed to move including underground corridors.

Fifth fort of Brest fortress

To summarize, it should be said that the fifth fort of the Brest Fortress is a truly unique tourist site. The fact is that, firstly, there are quite a few objects of this kind in Belarus, and, secondly, the fifth fort of the Brest Fortress - this is actually the only place in Belarus where it is possible to examine freely, safely and even with a certain comfort object of this type, because other similar objects are in neglected, and sometimes completely unsafe condition and are surrounded by dense vegetation.